Course Overview

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus

CLASS XII: UNIT I: Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

CLASS XII: UNIT II: Solutions

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point,osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor.

CLASS XII:UNIT III: Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

CLASS XII: UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation..

LASS XII: UNIT V: Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

CLASS XII: UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

CLASS XII:UNIT VII: p- Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
  • Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
  • Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • • Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

CLASS XII: UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids

CLASS XII: UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

CLASS XII: UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only).
  • Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

CLASS XII: UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

CLASS XII: UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

CLASS XII: UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

CLASS XII: UNIT XIV: Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
  • Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
  • Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
  • Vitamins- Classification and function.
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

CLASS XII: UNIT XV: Polymers

  • Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

CLASS XII: UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics,antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

CBSE 12 Chemistry Textbooks

CBSE prescribes the NCERT textbooks for every subject. The board recommend two books for the chemistry students to prepare for class 12 exam. Both the books are helpful to clear concepts as they include many examples and questions. Students should read NCERT textbook before they move towards reference books for class 12 – chemistry. The books prescribed by CBSE for class 12 Chemistry are listed below:

  • Chemistry Part -I, Class-XII, published by NCERT.
  • Chemistry Part -II, Class-XII, published by NCERT

Best Reference Books for Class 12 CBSE Chemistry

After reading NCERT books, candidates should go for reference books for class 12 chemistry to do ample practice and be comfortable with each type of problems and questions. Candidates can opt for any of the following books to choose for the best reference book for class 12 CBSE chemistry.

S.No. Names of reference books for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Author
1 Pradeep’s New Course Chemistry for class XII (Vol I and II) S.C. Kheterpal, S.N. Dhawan, P.N. Kapil
2 Modern’s ABC of Chemistry Class – 12 (Part 1 & 2) S. P. Jauhar
3 Concise Inorganic Chemistry J. D. Lee
4 Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations R.C. Mukerjee
5 SC Chemistry Class 12: Chemistry Class XII OP Tandon, A.K. Virmani, A.S. Singh
6 CBSE Chapterwise Solutions – Chemistry (Class 12): A Collection of Fully Solved Questions Asked from 2014 – 2008 Examination Arranged Purnima Sharma

CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern for Chemistry

After getting Best reference Books for class 12 CBSE chemistry, one should know the exam pattern of class 12 chemistry to prepare and ace the exam. The exam pattern is tabulated below:

Type of Question Mark per Question Total No. of Questions Total Marks
VSA 1 5 5
SA-I 2 7 14
SA-II 3 12 36
LA 5 3 15
Total 27 70

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry, Notes ,Test Papers, Sample Papers, NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Science Chapter 10

Get 100 percent accurate NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Science Chapter sexplained by expert Science teachers. We provide step by step solutions for the questions given in Class 12 Science textbook as per CBSE Board guidelines from the latest NCERT book for Class 12 Science.

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes

Get Notes prepared by Ex-IITIan for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry

Concept Maps and Important Questions Class 12 Chemistry

These concept maps and important questions will help you to revise the concepts quickly and get good marks. Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers of Class 12 Science Chapter  are provided here for . I will help you online for any doubt / clarification.

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Assignments

Chapter wise assignments are being given by teachers to students to make them understand the chapter concepts. Its extremely critical for all CBSE students to practice all assignments which will help them in gaining better marks in examinations. All assignments available for free download on the website are developed by the best teachers having many years of teaching experience in CBSE schools all over the country. Students, teachers and parents are advised to contact me online incase of any doubt / clarification.

Past Many Years Board Question Chemistry Class 12 Solutions

Past Many Years Question Papers Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for are extremely popular among Class 12 students for Chemistry .  Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Past Many Years Question Papers Book of Class 12 Chemistry Chapters are provided here for . I will help you online for any doubt / clarification.

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