**Question **

A curve has equation \(y=x^{2}-x+3\) and a line has equation y = 3x + a, where a is a constant.

(i) Show that the x-coordinates of the points of intersection of the line and the curve are given by the equation \(x^{2}-4x+(3+a)=0\).**(ii) For the case where the line intersects the curve at two points, it is given that the x-coordinate of one of the points of intersection is −1. Find the x-coordinate of the other point of intersection.****(iii) For the case where the line is a tangent to the curve at a point P, find the value of a and the coordinates of P.**

**▶️Answer/Explanation**

(i) To find the x-coordinates of the points of intersection between the line \(y = 3x + a\) and the curve \(y = x^{2} – x + 3\), we need to set the two equations equal to each other and solve for x:

\(x^{2} – x + 3 = 3x +a\)

\(x^{2} – 4x + (3 -a) = 0\)

Hence, the x-coordinates of the points of intersection are given by the equation \(x^{2} – 4x + (3-a) = 0\).

(ii) Given that one of the points of intersection has an x-coordinate of -1, we can substitute this value into the equation \(x^{2} – 4x + (3 + a) = 0\) and solve for a:

\((-1)^{2} – 4(-1) + (3 -a) = 0\)

\(1 + 4 + (3 -a) = 0\)

\(8 – a = 0\)

Solving for a, we find \(a = 8\).

To find the x-coordinate of the other point of intersection, we can substitute \(a = 8\) back into the equation \(x^{2} – 4x + (3- a) = 0\) and solve for x:

\(x^{2} – 4x + (3 – 8) = 0\)

\(x^{2} – 4x – 5 = 0\)

\((x – 5)(x + 1) = 0\)

\(x – 5 = 0 \quad \text{or} \quad x + 1 = 0\)

Solving for x, we find \(x = 5\) or \(x = -1\).

Since we are given that one of the points of intersection has an x-coordinate of -1, the x-coordinate of the other point of intersection is \(x = 5\).

(iii) If the line is tangent to the curve at a point P, it means that the line intersects the curve at only one point. In this case, the discriminant of the quadratic equation \(x^{2} – 4x + (3 – a) = 0\) must be zero.

The discriminant is given by \(b^{2} – 4ac\), where \(a = 1\), \(b = -4\), and \(c = 3 – a\):

\((-4)^{2} – 4(1)(3 – a) = 0\)

\(16 – 4(3 – a) = 0\)

\(16 – 12 + 4a = 0\)

\(4 + 4a = 0\)

Solving for a, we find \(a = -1\).

Substituting this value of a back into the equation \(y = 3x + a\), we get \(y = 3x – 1\).

To find the coordinates of point P, we substitute \(y = 3x + 1\) into the equation of the curve:

\(3x – 1 = x^{2} – x + 3\)

\(x^{2} – 4x + 4 = 0\)

\left ( x-2 \right )^{2}=0

\(x=2,2\)

So, the x-coordinates of the point P are \(x=2\) and \(x=2.\)

To find the corresponding y-coordinates, we substitute these values of x into the equation \(y=3x-1\)

\(y=3\times 2-1\)

\(y=5\)

Therefore, the coordinates of the point P is\( (2,5).\)

**Question.**

(a) Find the values of the constant m for which the line y = mx is a tangent to the curve \(y = 2x^2 – 4x + 8\).

(b) The function f is defined for x \in R by \(f(x) = x^2 + ax + b\), where a and b are constants. The

solutions of the equation f(x) = 0 are x = 1 and x = 9.

Find **(i) the values of a and b,**

(ii) the coordinates of the vertex of the curve y = f(x).

**▶️Answer/Explanation**

(a)(i) To find the values of the constant m for which the line y = mx is a tangent to the curve \(y = 2x^2 – 4x + 8\), we need to equate the slopes of the line and the curve at their point of intersection.

The equation of the line is y = mx, where the slope is m.

The equation of the curve is \(y = 2x^2 – 4x + 8\), where the slope can be found by taking the derivative of the curve with respect to x,

\(y’ = \frac{d}{dx}(2x^2 – 4x + 8)\)

= \(4x – 4\)

Now,for finding point of intersection ,we need to equate equation f ;ine equals equation of curve,

\(mx = 2x^2 – 4x + 8\)

\(2x^2 – (4 + m)x + 8 = 0\)

Since the line is a tangent, it intersects the curve at only one point. This means the quadratic equation above should have exactly one solution. For a quadratic equation to have one solution, the discriminant \((b^2 – 4ac)\) should be equal to zero.

\((4 + m)^2 – 4(2)(8) = 0\)

\(16 + 8m + m^2 – 64 = 0\)

\(m^2 + 8m – 48 = 0\)

\((m + 12)(m – 4) = 0\)

Setting each factor equal to zero and solving for m:

\(m + 12 = 0\Rightarrow m = -12\)

\(m – 4 = 0\Rightarrow m = 4\)

So the values of the constant m for which the line y = mx is a tangent to the curve \(y = 2x^2 – 4x + 8\) are m = -12 and m = 4.

(b) Given that the solutions of the equation f(x) = 0 are x = 1 and x = 9, we can write the quadratic equation in the form:

\(f(x) = (x – 1)(x – 9) = 0\)

\(f(x) = x^2 – 10x + 9 = 0\)

Comparing this equation to the general form \(f(x) = x^2 + ax + b\), we can equate the coefficients:

\(a = -10\)

\(b = 9\)

The values of a and b are \(a = -10\) and \(b = 9.\)

(ii) To find the coordinates of the vertex of the curve y = f(x), we can use the formula \(x=-\frac{b}{2a}\)

Substituting the values of a and b:

\(x = \frac{-(-10)}{2\times 1}\)

\(x = \frac{10}{2}\)

x = 5

To find the y-coordinate of the vertex, we substitute the value of x into the equation

\(y = f(5) = 5^2 + (-10)\times 5 + 9\)

\(y = 25 – 50 + 9\)

\(y = -16\)

Therefore, the coordinates of the vertex of the curve y = f(x) are (5, -16).

**Question.**

Find the set of values of k for which the equation \(2x^2 + 3kx + k = 0\) has distinct real roots.

**▶️Answer/Explanation**

For the equation \(2x^2 + 3kx + k = 0\) to have distinct real roots, the discriminant should be greater than zero. The discriminant is given by:

\(\Delta = b^2 – 4ac\)

Comparing the equation \(2x^2 + 3kx + k = 0\) to the general quadratic equation \(ax^2 + bx + c = 0\), we can determine the values of a, b, and c:

\(a = 2\)

\(b = 3k\)

\(c = k\)

\(\Delta = (3k)^2 – 4(2)(k)\)

\(\Delta = 9k^2 – 8k\)

For the equation to have distinct real roots, the discriminant \(\Delta\) should be greater than zero:

\(\Delta > 0\)

\(9k^2 – 8k > 0\)

\(k(9k – 8) > 0\)

Combining both intervals, we find the set of values of k for which the equation \(2x^2 + 3kx + k = 0\) has distinct real roots:

\(k ∈ (-∞,0) ∪ (\frac{8}{9},+∞)\)