# IBDP Maths analysis and approaches Topic: AHL 3.12 :Representation of vectors using directed line segments HL Paper 1

## Question

In the diagram below, [AB] is a diameter of the circle with centre O. Point C is on the circumference of the circle. Let $$\overrightarrow {{\text{OB}}} = \boldsymbol{b}$$ and $$\overrightarrow {{\text{OC}}} = \boldsymbol{c}$$ .

Find an expression for $$\overrightarrow {{\text{CB}}}$$ and for $$\overrightarrow {{\text{AC}}}$$ in terms of $$\boldsymbol{b}$$ and $$\boldsymbol{c}$$ .

[2]
a.

Hence prove that $${\rm{A\hat CB}}$$ is a right angle.

[3]
b.

## Markscheme

$$\overrightarrow {{\text{CB}}} = \boldsymbol{b} – \boldsymbol{c}$$ , $$\overrightarrow {{\text{AC}}} = \boldsymbol{b} + \boldsymbol{c}$$     A1A1

Note: Condone absence of vector notation in (a).

[2 marks]

a.

$$\overrightarrow {{\text{AC}}} \cdot \overrightarrow {{\text{CB}}} =$$(b + c)$$\cdot$$(bc)     M1

= $$|$$b$${|^2}$$ – $$|$$c$${|^2}$$     A1

= 0 since $$|$$b$$|$$ = $$|$$c$$|$$     R1

Note: Only award the A1 and R1 if working indicates that they understand that they are working with vectors.

so $$\overrightarrow {{\text{AC}}}$$ is perpendicular to $$\overrightarrow {{\text{CB}}}$$ i.e. $${\rm{A\hat CB}}$$ is a right angle     AG

[3 marks]

b.

## Examiners report

Most candidates were able to find the expressions for the two vectors although a number were not able to do this. Most then tried to use Pythagoras’ theorem and confused scalars and vectors. There were few correct responses to the second part. Candidates did not seem to be able to use the algebra of vectors comfortably.

a.

Most candidates were able to find the expressions for the two vectors although a number were not able to do this. Most then tried to use Pythagoras’ theorem and confused scalars and vectors. There were few correct responses to the second part. Candidates did not seem to be able to use the algebra of vectors comfortably.

b.
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