Year 6 maths: what your child learns

Number and place value

  • Reading, writing, ordering and comparing numbers to 10,000,000
  • Calculating intervals across zero


  • Multiplying four-digit numbers by two-digit numbers using long multiplication
  • Dividing four-digit numbers by two-digit numbers using long division
  • Identifying common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
  • Solving multi-step problems involving all four operations

Fractions, decimals and percentages

  • Simplifying fractions
  • Comparing and ordering fractions
  • Adding and subtracting fractions with different denominators
  • Multiplying pairs of proper fractions, giving the answer in its simplest form
  • Dividing proper fractions by whole numbers
  • Multiplying and dividing numbers by 10, 100 and 1000
  • Multiplying one-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers
  • Using written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

Ratio and propotion

  • Finding percentages of amounts
  • Solving problems involving shapes and scale factors


  • Using simple formulae
  • Generating and describing linear number sequences
  • Express missing number problems algebraically
  • Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns


  • Converting between units of measurement, using decimal notation up to three decimal places
  • Working out the perimeter and area of shapes (including parallelograms and triangles)
  • Working out the volume of cubes and cuboids


  • Drawing a 2D shape using given dimensions and angles
  • Finding unknown angles in any triangle, quadrilateral and regular polygon
  • Illustrating and naming parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference
  • Recognising angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line or are vertically opposite
  • Plotting coordinates on all four quadrants
  • Drawing and translating simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflecting them in the axes


  • Interpreting and constructing pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems
  • Calculating and interpreting the mean as an average