Year 6 maths: what your child learns

Year 6 Math Home Learning 

Year 6 Math National Curriculum UK

The Year 6 Math National Curriculum in the UK covers a range of topics designed to build upon the mathematical knowledge and skills developed in previous years. Here is a detailed breakdown of the main areas covered in Year 6:

Number and Place Value:

  • Read, write, order, and compare numbers up to 10,000,000.
  • Recognize the value of each digit in a number and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100, and 1,000.
  • Round numbers to the nearest 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000, and 100,000.

Addition and Subtraction:

  • Add and subtract whole numbers with up to 6 digits using efficient methods.
  • Use estimation and inverse operations to check answers.
  • Solve addition and subtraction problems, including missing number problems.

Multiplication and Division:

  • Multiply and divide numbers mentally, including decimals and large numbers.
  • Use efficient written methods for multiplication and division.
  • Solve multiplication and division problems, including scaling problems and finding factors and multiples.

Fractions, Decimals, and Percentages:

  • Recognize and write decimal equivalents of fractions and vice versa.
  • Compare and order fractions, including those with different denominators.
  • Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers.
  • Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers.
  • Find the percentage of a given amount.

Ratio and Proportion:

  • Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities using ratio and proportion.
  • Solve problems involving percentage increase, decrease, or comparison.


  • Use simple formulae.
  • Generate and describe linear number sequences.
  • Express missing number problems algebraically.
  • Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns.


  • Draw 2D shapes and make 3D shapes using modeling materials.
  • Recognize and classify shapes based on their properties, including angles and lines of symmetry.
  • Identify and describe the properties of triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and octagons.
  • Calculate the area and perimeter of shapes.
  • Identify and describe the properties of circles, including the radius, diameter, and circumference.


  • Convert between different units of measure (e.g., kilometers to meters).
  • Calculate the perimeter and area of rectangles and related composite shapes.
  • Estimate, compare, and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence.
  • Solve problems involving the calculation of time intervals.
  • Use metric units of measurement (including centimeters, meters, and kilometers) and estimate and compare measurements.


  • Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs.
  • Solve comparison, sum, and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables, and other graphs.

Throughout Year 6, students are encouraged to develop their problem-solving skills, apply their mathematical knowledge to real-life situations, and explain their reasoning using mathematical language. They also learn to use a range of mathematical tools, such as calculators and measuring instruments, to support their understanding and problem-solving abilities.

UK Math  Tests Challenge


Scroll to Top