NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Why Do We Need a Parliament
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Why Do We Need a Parliament?
Why do you think the nationalist movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?
The British government did not allow all adults to vote nor could people participate in decision making, so the nationalist movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote.
In this 2004, map of Parliamentary constituencies, roughly identify the constituencies in your State. What is the name of the MP from your constituency? How many MPs does your state have? Why are certain constituencies coloured green while others are coloured blue?
You have read in Chapter 1 that the ‘Parliamentary form of government’ that exists in India has three tiers. This includes the Parliament (Central Government) and the various State Legislatures (state governments).
Fill in the following table with information on the various representatives from your area:
|State Government.||Central Government|
|Which political party/parties is/are currently in power?|
|Who (name) is the current representative from your area?|
|Which political parties currently form the Opposition?|
|When were elections last held?|
|When will the next elections be held?|
|How many women representatives are there (from your state)?|
The answer will vary for each state. One example is:
|State Government (Uttar Pradesh)||Central Government|
|Which political party/parties is/are currently in power?||Samajwadi Party||BJP Led NDA|
|Who (name) is the current representative from your area?||Laxmi Kant Vajpayee||Rajender Aggarwal (Meerut)|
|Which political parties currently form the Opposition?||Bahujan Samajwadi Party||Congress|
|When were elections last held?||In 2012||In 2014|
|When will the next elections be held?||In should be 2017||In 2019|
|How many women representatives are there from your state?||Find yourself||Find yourself|
Why Do We Need a Parliament NCERT Class 8 Social and Political life Extra Questions
What are the basic ideals of a democracy?
The basic ideals of democracy are…
The participation of the citizens in the government’s decision- making.
The need for the government to have the consent of its citizens in all major issues taken by it.
What is the purpose of a Parliament?
The Parliament enables citizens of India to participate in decision making and control the government.
What was the main principle of the Indian constitution?
The main principle of the Indian constitution was Universal adult franchise. All adults in free India could vote and participate in decision- making.
How can all the citizens participate in the decision–making process of the government?
In a democracy general elections are held and all adults have a right to vote. The citizens elect a few people to represent them in the Parliament. The Parliament is made up of all these representatives. These representatives are known as Members of the Parliament. One group, from among these elected representatives forms the government. It is through these representatives that the citizens take part in the decision-making of the government.
Who designed the Parliament house in India?
The Parliament house in India was designed by the British architect Herbert Baker.
What is an EVM?
An EVM is an Electronic Voting Machine used for elections in India. Indian voting machines use a two-piece system with a balloting unit presenting the voter with a button for each choice connected by a cable to an electronic ballot box.
What is a constituency?
The country is divided into many areas for election purposes. Each area is called a constituency. A representative is elected from each constituency to serve in the legislative body.
Mention the 2 houses of the Indian Parliament.
The 2 Houses of the Indian Parliament are …
The Rajya Sabha
The Lok Sabha
Write a brief note on the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
The Rajya Sabha functions primarily as the representative of the states of India, in the Parliament. There are 233 elected members plus 12 members nominated by the President. The members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of various states. The Rajya Sabha plays an important role of reviewing and altering the laws initiated by the Lok Sabha.
The Lok Sabha, known as the House of the People, with a total membership of 543, is presided over by the Speaker. The country is divided into 543 Lok Sabha constituencies. During a Lok Sabha election, people from different political parties stand for elections. Once elected, these candidates become Members of Parliament or MPs. These MPs together make up the Parliament.
What are the three major duties of the Parliament?
The three major duties of the Parliament are…
To Select the National Government
To Control, Guide and Inform the Government
How is a National government selected?
After the Lok Sabha elections, a list is prepared showing how many MPs belonging to each political party have won the elections. The Political party which has the majority of MPs will form the National government.
A majority Party should have at least 272 MPs, that is, more than half of the total number of MPs in the Lok Sabha.
What is ‘Question hour’ in Parliament?
The first hour of every sitting during a Parliament Session is called the Question Hour. During ‘Question hour’ Questions are posed by members to specific government ministries. The concerned Ministries have to answer these Questions on a fixed date.
The Questions asked during ‘Question Hour’ highlights the shortcomings of the Government and also bring to light the opinion of the citizen through their representatives, namely the MPs.
This Question Hour helps the Parliament to control the Executive (Government).
Write a brief note on the Members of Parliament.
The Members of Parliament are from different backgrounds. Many members are from rural areas and from regional parties.
Groups and peoples that were not unrepresented so far, are beginning to get elected to the Parliament. Today there are more number of people from the Dalit and backward castes and the minorities, in Parliament.
It is good to have representatives in the Parliament from all sections of society, so that every Indian will be represented in the decision- making body.