IBDP Geography: Study Guide and Notes – New Syllabus 2022-23

IBDP Geography- New Syllabus – 2019

Option A: Freshwater

  1. Drainage basin hydrology and geomorphology
    • How physical processes influence drainage basin systems and landforms
  2. Flooding and flood mitigation
    • How physical and human factors exacerbate and mitigate flood risk for different places
  3. Water scarcity and water quality
    • The varying power of different actors in relation to water management issues
  4. Water management futures
    • Future possibilities for management intervention in drainage basins


Option B: Oceans and coastal margins

  1. Ocean–atmosphere interactions
    • How physical processes link Earth’s atmospheric and ocean systems
  2. Interactions between oceans and coastal places
    • How coastal places are shaped by their interactions with oceans
  3. Managing coastal margins
    • The varying power of different stakeholders in relation to coastal margin management
  4. Ocean management futures
    • Future possibilities for managing the oceans as a global commons

Option C: Extreme environments

  1. The characteristics of extreme environments
    • Why some places are considered to be extreme environments.
  2. Physical processes and landscapes
    • How physical processes create unique landscapes in extreme environments.
  3. Managing extreme environments
    • The varying power of different stakeholders to extract economic value from extreme environments.
  4. Extreme environments futures
    • Future possibilities for managing extreme environments and their communities

Option D: Geophysical hazards

  1. Geophysical systems
    • How geological processes give rise to geophysical events of differing type and magnitude
  2. Geophysical hazard risks
    • How geophysical systems generate hazard risks for different places
  3. Hazard risk and vulnerability
    • The varying power of geophysical hazards to affect people in different local contexts
  4. Future resilience and adaptation
    • Future possibilities for lessening human vulnerability to geophysical hazards

Option E: Leisure, tourism and sport

  1. Changing leisure patterns
    • How human development processes give rise to leisure activities
  2. Tourism and sport at the local and national scale
    • How physical and human factors shape places into sites of leisure
  3. Tourism and sport at the international scale
    • The varying power of different countries to participate in global tourism and sport
  4. Managing tourism and sport for the future
    • Future possibilities for management of, and participation in, tourism and sport at varying scales


Option F: Food and health

  1. Measuring food and health
    • Ways of measuring disparities in food and health between places
  2. Food systems and spread of diseases
    • How physical and human processes lead to changes in food production and consumption, and incidence and spread of disease
  3. Stakeholders in food and health
    • The power of different stakeholders in relation to influence over diets and health
  4. Future health and food security and sustainability
    • Future possibilities for sustainable agriculture and improved health

Option G: Urban environments

  1. The variety of urban environments
    • The characteristics and distribution of urban places, populations and economic activities
  2. Changing urban systems
    • How economic and demographic processes bring change over time to urban systems
  3. Urban environmental and social stresses
    • The varying power of different stakeholders in relation to the experience of, and management of, urban stresses
  4. Building sustainable urban systems for the future
    • Future possibilities for the sustainable management of urban system.

Syllabus content—Part two: SL and HL core

Unit 1: Changing population

  1. Population and economic development patterns
    • How population varies between places
  2. Changing populations and places
    • Processes of population change and their effect on people and places
  3. Challenges and opportunities
    • Population possibilities and power over the decision-making process

Unit 2: Global climate—vulnerability and resilience

  1. Causes of global climate change
    • How natural and human processes affect the global energy balance
  2. Consequences of global climate change
    • The effects of global climate change on places, societies and environmental systems
  3. Responding to global climate change
    • Possibilities for responding to climate change and power over the decision-making process

Unit 3: Global resource consumption and security

  1. Global trends in consumption
    • How natural and human processes affect the global energy balance
  2. Impacts of changing trends in resource consumption
    • How pressure on resources affects the future security of places
  3. Resource stewardship
    • Possibilities for managing resources sustainably and power over the decision-making process

Syllabus content—Part two: HL core extension

Unit 4: Power, places and networks

  1. Global interactions and global power
    • How global power and influence varies spatially
  2. Global networks and flows
    • How different places become interconnected by global interactions
  3. Human and physical influences on global interactions
    • How political, technological and physical processes influence global interactions

Unit 5: Human development and diversity

  1. Development opportunities
    • Ways of supporting the processes of human development
  2. Changing identities and cultures
    • How global interactions bring cultural influences and changes to places
  3. Local responses to global interactions
    • The varying power of local places and actors to resist or accept change

Unit 6: Global risks and resilience

  1. Geopolitical and economic risks
    • How technological and globalizing processes create new geopolitical and economic risks for individuals and societies
  2. Environmental risks
    • How global interactions create environmental risks for particular places and people
  3. Local and global resilience
    • New and emerging possibilities for managing global risks
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