# IBDP Physics 5.1 – Electric fields : IB Style Question Bank HL Paper 1

### Question

Two charges and , each equal to 2 nC, are separated by a distance 3 m in a vacuum.

What is the electric force on and the electric field due to at the position of ? Ans: A

$$F_{Q_2}=k\frac{Q_1Q_2}{r^2}$$
$$=\frac{9\times 10^9 \times 2\times 10^{-9}\times 2\times 10^{-9}}{3^2}=4\times 10^{-9}$$
$$E_{Q_{21}}=\frac{F}{Q_1}=\frac{4\times 10^{-9}}{2\times 10^{-9}}=2\; NC^{-1}$$

### Question

An ion of charge +Q moves vertically upwards through a small distance s in a uniform vertical electric field. The electric field has a strength E and its direction is shown in the diagram. What is the electric potential difference between the initial and final position of the ion?

A. $$\frac{{EQ}}{s}$$

B. EQs

C. Es

D. $$\frac{E}{s}$$

### Markscheme

C

#### RELATION BETWEEN ELECTRIC FIELD AND POTENTIAL

The relation between electric field (E) and potential (V) is For 3-D we can write , and So electric field is equal to negative potential gradient.
In this relation negative sign indicates that in the direction of electric field, potential decreases. Consider two points A and B situated in a uniform electric field at a distance d then, The potential difference between A and B is ### Question

Two wires, X and Y, are made from the same metal. The wires are connected in series. The radius of X is twice that of Y. The carrier drift speed in X is vX and in Y it is vY.

What is the value of the ratio $$\frac{{{{\text{v}}_{\text{X}}}}}{{{{\text{v}}_{\text{Y}}}}}$$?

A. 0.25

B. 0.50

C. 2.00

D. 4.00

### Markscheme

A

$$i=neAv_d$$
Now $$x$$ and $$y$$ are in series , hence $$i_x=i_y$$
or  $$neA_xv_{d_x}= neA_yv_{d_y}$$
$$A_x=\pi (r_x)^2 \; ,\; A_y=\pi (r_y)^2$$
$$ne\pi (r_x)^2v_{d_x} =ne\pi (r_y)^2 v_{d_y}$$
$$\frac{v_{d_x}}{v_{d_y}}=\frac{(r_y)^2}{(r_x)^2}=\frac{(r_y)^2}{(2r_y)^2} =\frac{1}{4}=0.25$$

### Question

Positive charge is uniformly distributed on a semi-circular plastic rod. What is the direction of the electric field strength at point S? ### Markscheme

B The component along y axis ( Along A and Along C) are cancelled out and along x – axis ( along B) it is added up

### Question

Electrons, each with a charge e, move with speed v along a metal wire. The electric current in the wire is I. Plane P is perpendicular to the wire. How many electrons pass through plane P in each second?

A.  $$\frac{e}{I}$$

B.  $$\frac{{ve}}{I}$$

C.  $$\frac{I}{{ve}}$$

D.  $$\frac{I}{e}$$

$$I=\frac{q}{t}$$
$$q= n\times e$$
$$t= 1$$ second
$$I = \frac{n\times e}{1}$$
$$\therefore n=\frac{I}{e}$$