Evaluate the significance of two intellectual/scientific figures.
Candidates will appraise the significance of two intellectual or scientific figures from the period indicated by the timeframe of this topic. One or both of the individuals chosen may have been influential in art, philosophy, literature and/or other intellectual endeavours. Alternatively, they may have risen to prominence due to their contributions to science. The two figures need not be contemporaries and they may or may not be chosen from the same state or region. Candidates may explain the significance of the figures by indicating the impact they had during their lifetime. However, it may be that the examples chosen gained greater prominence in later periods. Knowledge will be used to address their significance and for this to go beyond a description of their work. Each figure may be considered separately or a thematic approach may be adopted if candidates choose to compare the degree of significance.
Evaluate the methods used to achieve religious expansion and conversion in two societies.
Candidates will appraise the methods used in two societies to spread religion and to acquire converts. While the focus of the response must be within the timeframe of this topic, the two societies chosen need not be contemporaneous with each other and they may or may not be chosen from the same region. The effectiveness of the methods used for expansion and conversion, including their strengths and limitations, will be appraised. Such appraisal may include an assessment of the effectiveness of the methods, the impact of their cost—either financial or in regards to human resources—and/or the impact on the converted population. Each society may be considered separately or a thematic approach may be used if the candidates choose to compare the methods used.